Socio-medical Dimensions of Women's Utilization of Reproductive Health Services in Giza, Egypt, Proceedings of the Arab Regional Population Conference organized by the IUSSP (International Union for the Scientific Study of Population) in Cairo, December 8-12, 1996.

Reproductive morbidity has been an area of concern within the broad research program initiated by the Population Council in the West Asia and North Africa region to address interrelated issues of child health, reproductive health, and family resources for health. Research on reproductive morbidity carried out by the Reproductive Health Working Group has specifically aimed to document the prevalence and nature of reproductive morbidities in the region. This paper focuses on women’s responses to reproductive morbidity in terms of awareness and health care utilization, with an examination of factors that could have a bearing on health-seeking behavior. The findings presented in this paper are based on a community survey of reproductive morbidity, the Giza Study, undertaken in 1998-1990 in two rural villages in Giza by an interdisciplinary research team (two obstetrician-gynecologists, a microbiologist, an anthropologist and a biostatistician-demographer) affiliated with the Reproductive Health Working Group. Using medical evaluation tools in the form of examination and laboratory diagnostics, as well as an interview questionnaire, the study documented a heavy burden of gynecological and related morbidity. In the light of this reality, women’s responses to these conditions, reflecting their perspectives and the social constraints to health care utilization, become increasingly important. Drawing upon information collected by the interview questionnaire, this paper focuses on women’s awareness of reproductive morbidity, their reporting of symptoms, and their utilization of medical consultation for these morbidities in the study population.
Author(s): Hind Khattab , Karima Khalil , Nabil Younis  
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